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All ccTLDs Explained | Country Code Top Level Domain

by | Jun 19, 2024 | Domain Name Blog

The internet is a vast landscape, and each website’s domain name plays an important role. Domains help users locate it and understanding its function.

Domain names are the unique text address that identifies a website on the internet. They typically consist of two essential parts. The first part is the actual name of the website (such as ‘tasjeel’) and the second is the domain extension (such as .ae). Therefore –

But some readers might be wondering: why ‘ae’? Why not ‘com’, ‘cn’, or ‘uk’?

The answer to this question has to do with country code top level domains (ccTLDs). ccTLDs are codes at the end of a domain name which associate to a specific location. This can be a country, sovereign state, dependent territory, or region.

Website’s use ccTLDs so that they can offer more targeted information or services to users. For example, when a user wants to find out something specific to the UAE. They may notice that the domain name of a website has ‘ae’ at the the end of it. This helps the user trust that they’ll find information which will apply to them.

Understanding ccTLDs

Understanding the nuances of ccTLDs can provide valuable insights into the online presence of different countries and regions. In the comprehensive guide, we will take a look at some of the most important ccTLDs in the online sphere. We’ll also delve into their purposes, and the entities that oversee them.

For the purposes of this article, we’ll be dealing with ccTLDs featured in the standardized Latin alphabet structure. As this is widely accepted across global online usage.

For those curious, many countries do have internationalized country code top level domain. This means the ccTLDS use their own script or alphabet. A good example of this is the UAE, which has the internationalized ccTLD (IDN ccTLD) using Arabic as: امارات. (meaning Emarat).

A List of Major ccTLDs and the Organizations Responsible for Them

Here is a list of the major ccTLDs across the world. As well as a look at the organization responsible for overseeing the domains.

Note: There are many organizations which are responsible for overseeing or managing a country’s domain name systems (DNS). Many of these organizations are approve, delegate or oversee themselves by the International Assigned Numbers Association (IANA).

1. .US (United States)

.us logo

What is the United States’ ccTLD?

.us is the ccTLD designated for entities associated with the United States. This means it is common for businesses, organizations, and individuals with connections to the U.S.

Who Is Responsible For This Domain?

Neustar Registry manages the United States ccTLDs. It is under the authority of the United States Department of Commerce’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA).

2. .EU (The European Union)

eu - Wikipedia

What is the European Union’s ccTLD?

In 2005 The European Union launched the .eu ccTLD. With a goal to represent the European Union as a whole (as opposed to individual member countries).

With this in mind, it is perhaps more appropriate to call it a continent code TLD, rather than a country code TLD. The .eu domain allows businesses, organizations, and individuals within the EU to establish a distinct online presence that reflects their European identity.

Who Is Responsible For This Domain?

EURid manage the .eu domain, they are a non-profit organization based in Brussels. The EU trust EURid to administerer and maintain the domain in accordance with regulations and policies.

3. .UK (United Kingdom)

uk - Wikipedia

What is the United Kingdom’s ccTLD?

The UK ccTLD represents entities affiliated with the United Kingdom. It is the third-oldest top level domain, following on from the first generic top level domain (gTLD). COM and the first country code top level domain is US.

Who Is Responsible For This Domain?

Nominet operate the UK ccTLD. They are a nonprofit organization responsible for managing and maintaining the .UK domain space.

4. .DE (Germany)

de - Wikipedia

What is Germany’s ccTLD?

The DE suffix is for for entities in Germany, including businesses, government agencies, and individuals.

Who Is Responsible For This Domain?

DENIC administer the DE domain. They are a cooperative organization responsible for the management of .DE domains.

5. .CN (China)

cn - Wikipedia

What is China’s ccTLD?

The CN domain is by far the largest ccTLD in the world. It is for use by organisations and entities with an association with China.

Who Is Responsible For This Domain?

China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) manage China’s ccTLD, they are the regulatory body overseeing .CN domains.

6. .FR (France)

fr - Wikipedia

What is France’s ccTLD?

The .FR ccTLD represents entities in France. Including businesses, organizations, and governmental bodies in the country or with ties to the country.

Who Is Responsible For This Domain?

Operated by AFNIC, a nonprofit organization responsible for the administration of .FR domains.

7. .JP (Japan)

jp - Wikipedia

What is Japan’s ccTLD?

The .JP ccTLD is perfect for entities in Japan, including businesses, institutions, and individuals operating in the country.

Who Is Responsible For This Domain?

JPRS (the Japan Registry Services Co., Ltd) manage this ccTLD. They are responsible for the administration of all .JP domains.

8. .RU (Russia)

ru - Wikipedia

What is Russia’s ccTLD?

The .RU ccTLD is for entities in Russia, serving as a primary domain extension for Russian businesses. As well as organizations, government bodies, and individuals.

Who Is Responsible For Overseeing Russia’s ccTLD Domain?

The Coordination Center administer TLD RU, the registry responsible for managing all .RU domains.

9. .BR (Brazil)

br - Wikipedia

What is Brazil’s ccTLD?

The .BR ccTLD represents websites in Brazil, including businesses, government agencies, and individuals with online connections to the country.

Who Is Responsible For This Domain?

Operated by, the Brazilian Network Information Center responsible for managing .BR domains.

10. .IN (India)

in - Wikipedia

What is India’s ccTLD?

The .IN ccTLD is for entities in India. Including institutions, companies, and other types of websites operating in the country.

Who is Responsible For This Domain?

Administered by NIXI, the National Internet Exchange of India, responsible for managing .IN domains.

What is the .TK ccTLD and why is it so popular?

tk - Wikipedia

If you’ve undertaken top level domain research, you might have noticed an unusual fact: the tk code. This represents the small island of Tokelau, a dependent territory of New Zealand. It has one of the largest percentages of domain registrations in the world.

Why is TK so popular

This is because the telecommunications company which oversaw the domain extension of tk initially offered free registration. Meaning that the ending has an association with malicious activities like phishing, spam and cybersquatting.

So, while most ccTLDs indicate country-specific information and authority, the .tk ccTLD can often indicate the exact opposite!

Why do country code top level domains matter?

cTLDs play a vital role in identifying the geographical location and affiliation of websites on the internet. This stands them in contrast to generic top level domains (gTLDs). Understanding thhelpselp businesses, organizations, and individuals make informed decisions when it comes to registering domain names.

By using country code top level domains, websites can:

  • enhance their online presence
  • benefit from SEO related to specific locales
  • target certain national markets
  • become an authority with local audiences

The internet is ever-evolving, but in today’s world, regular users are more careful than ever. Far more aware of sites they trust in order to obtain the products, services, and relevant information they need. ccTLDs act as valuable assets for organizations seeking to establish trust online, in a specific country or region.

Your country code top level domain name can, quite literally, become a part of your branding. Enhance your positive perception among audiences.

Conclusion: Country Codes help users navigate the online landscape and find exactly what they need

Websites have come a long way since 1985 – with the introduction of the country code extensions. But throughout that time, these two-letter extensions have maintained the same vital importance as they did almost 40 years ago.

Having a country code top level domain name immediately implies specific local/national authority. National organizations oversee these specific domain codes. This adds trust and security to the user experience on these websites.

If you would like to learn more about country code top level domain names view our other aritcles. Including how you can register your own domain name in a specific country. can help you with your requirements.

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